Memoization using Golang Generics

Posted on 22 Jun, 2022

Memoization helps save computation of things that have already been computed by saving them for future use. In this example we use golang generics to implement a Memoized() function that can handle use-case.

// Required Go 1.18 or greater

package main

import "fmt"

type FibonacciDef func(int) int

func Memoize[K comparable, T any](fn func(K) T) func(K) T {
	// Type K needs to be comparable (and hashable) since we used it as a map Key
	// Type T is any type that can act as a map value

	cache := make(map[K]T)
	return func(n K) T {
		if val, ok := cache[n]; ok {
			return val
		// add to cache if not found
		cache[n] = fn(n)
		return cache[n]

func main() {
	var memoizedFib FibonacciDef
	var simpleFib FibonacciDef
	memoizedFib = Memoize(func(num int) int {
		if num < 2 {
			return num
		return memoizedFib(num-1) + memoizedFib(num-2)
	simpleFib = func(num int) int {
		if num < 2 {
			return num
		return simpleFib(num-1) + simpleFib(num-2)
	// takes more than 1 minute to compute

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