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Null aware operators in Dart
Posted on 7 Nov, 2021
Null aware operators makes handling real world data very intuitive & easy. Let's have a brief overview of all the 4 null aware operators in Dart.

The ?. operator

Prevent method call on null objects
// call func() only if myVar is not null
myVar?.func();
// can also be chained
final value = myVar?.getValue()?.valueA;
This is similar to following code
myVar = myVar == null ? null : myVar.func();

The ?? operator

This operator can be used to assign a default fallback value.
Return the first expression IFF it is not null.
// if unkownSource is null assign username with "default value" otherwise assign the value of unkownSource
username = unkownSource ?? "default value";

The ??= operator

Assign a value IFF it is not null.
// assign string "test" to myVar only if myVar is null
myVar ??= "test";

The ...? operator - Null aware spread operator

Expand list elements IFF it's not null
void main() {
List<int> varA = [2, 3, 4];
List<int>? varB = null;
final concatList = [1, ...varA, ...?varB];
print(concatList);
// [1, 2, 3, 4]
}
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The ?. operator
The ?? operator
The ??= operator
The ...? operator - Null aware spread operator